Published on June 1st, 2013 | by John I.0
How Cloud Computing Will Impact Future IT Job Markets
With the integration of software, platform and infrastructure (as a Service) cloud computing is centric to IT strategy. As technologies merge, this will have a considerable impact on the IT job market. Traditional roles and responsibilities will become obsolete, new hybrid roles will evolve. It is here that IT as an industry will see major shifts in personal and professional skillsets.
As the cloud facilitates greater levels of automated processing, the number of jobs in traditional IT disciplines will decrease. Where previously an IT department was very much an internal entity, with managed and maintained software and hardware, now SaaS is increasingly cloud-led, hardware is hosted on virtual machines and services are run through 3rd party managed networks.
This has significantly reduced the need for internal IT resourcing and administration. Furthermore, with the explosion of big data in a consumerised society, SaaS has become deeply ingrained within PaaS and IaaS. As such, hosted platforms and infrastructures will render many roles within internal IT departments unnecessary.
The cloud enables companies to outsource greater levels of IT to specialist companies that have the bandwidth, technology infrastructure and technical expertise to deliver IT as a service. For the IT job market this will have a ripple effect in several ways:
As big data explodes across all industries and role responsibilities, there will be a huge need for business analysts to capture customer insights and market trends with both historical and real-time perspective.
- Customisable applications will need to be integrated within business processes. This will require technical project managers that understand cloud-based systems, interfacing techniques and cross-culture/cross-department collaboration.
- Rigid private and public cloud infrastructures will be replaced by hybrid clouds. Running a business within such an environment will need integration specialists to deliver technical analysis that makes better strategic decisions and streamlines workflow with powerful IT.
- Systems developers will need to have transferable skills to build custom solutions for unique business needs. Off-the-shelf, generic systems will become marginalized as companies look for better ways to innovate and differentiate themselves from competition.
- Network specialists and infrastructure administrators will be in high demand as increased volume, velocity and variety of data engulfs the entire IT stack. Maintaining high availability, throughput and integration of services will become pivotal.
- Security specialists will be in high demand and short supply as data compliance landscapes change rapidly. Keeping abreast of such regulations and integrating them within IT policy will require ultra-resilient networking, firewall access and user management.
Each of these roles will evolve within a cloud based application and infrastructure delivery model. As off-the-shelf cloud services become a staple of every organisation, it is the traditional in-house software developer and administrator roles that will shrink, if not disappear altogether.
There will be a shift in demand for development expertise to cloud-based applications and interfacing. This will require technical experts and infrastructure skills to customize cloud strategy around unique business structure. IT methodology and skill-sets will evolve dramatically as technology morphs in the cloud. So too will project managers and analytics professionals who will need to understand and integrate mobile, eCommerce and big data, within an IT infrastructure that traditionally was managed and maintained in-house on physical servers. In short, having a host of internal support staff will no longer be required, because the cloud is creating a new breed of technology skill-sets and virtual workflow.